Knowing the most reliable BMW engine and basic car engine parts or components and also their functions will help the owner to help them in maintain the car. The number of car engine parts or components does reach hundreds, but several parts can be the beginning of the understanding process.
Learn About Car Engine Parts and Their Function
For your information, the majority of most reliable BMW engines circulating on the highway today use an internet combustion engine or also known as the internal combustion engine or the ICE for short. In theory, the ICE engine works by converting the chemical energy contained in the fuel into mechanical energy. The process takes place in a closed combustion chamber.
Now let’s take a look at the most reliable BMW engine components or parts of an ICE-type car engine, starting from the most common ones, like the cylinder head to those in the engine block. Here are some of the basic’s car engine parts on the ICE-type engine.
- Cylinder Head
When you open the hood of the car, the cylinder head will look quite prominent, because the position of the cylinder head is at the top. The function of the cylinder head is quite lot, including the combustion chamber, the location of the valve mechanism, intake and exhaust channels, oil circulation, water jacket, to the place of installation of spark plugs.
Regarding its function as a combustion chamber, there are three widely known shape models, wedge (right triangle), pent roof (isosceles triangle), and hemispheric (parabola).
The cylinder head itself is generally made of a mixture of steel and aluminum. The cylinder head must withstand heat and high pressure because it is a place for combustion to occur.
- Cylinder Block
The next component or part is the cylinder block, whose location can be found under the cylinder head. These two components are connected by several blots using gaskets. The use of the gaskets aims to prevent compression leakage.
One of the main functions of the cylinder block is to be the place where the cylinder tube is located. Where the piston works or what is also called the combustion chamber. The width of the combustion chamber is then known as the bore.
In this section that the transfer of heat energy into mechanical energy occurs as described at the beginning of the article. In general, cars have four-cylinder tubes that are positioned parallel. This configuration is known as inline 4. This kind of engine or machine is widely used by manufacturers, because it offers the right balance between the level of efficiency, performance, and also cost of production.
But apart from that, there is also an engine block with a V or Boxer configuration. This type of engine is usually used in performance-oriented cars.
Pistons play a very important role in the car engine section. This component has at least four functions, including sucking the air into the cylinder, creating compression, converting heat energy into mechanical energy, and pushing the remaining combustion gases out. All that happens quickly and repeatedly as long as the car engine is turned on.
In carrying out its duties moving up and down, the piston has a top dead point or also known as TDP, and also a bottom dead point or also known as the BDP. The movement of the piston from the bottom to the top is known as the strokes. Pistons do not stand alone but are also equipped with piston rings and piston rods a.k.a the connecting rods that connect all of them to the crankshaft.
This component actually has several names, in the academic world, the crankshaft is also known as the “crutches”. The position of the crankshaft is at the bottom of the engine but still attached to the engine block. The crankshaft is connected to the piston rod through a bearing called the crank pin.
In essence, the function of the crankshaft is to convert the up and down motion of the piston into a rotating motion. The rotation is then forwarded to the transmission so the car can move forward or backward.
Discussing the components of a car engine and its functions is not complete without taking a look at this one part, namely the transmission. The transmission is in charge of regulating the torque and power required by the vehicle.
At this point, it is assumed that the car owner already understands the difference between the two. For example, there is a car that is about to be used and starts from rest. In such conditions, it takes a large torque so that the car can move. It’s the transmission’s job to manipulate the torque produced by the engine to be able to bring the car to speed. The trick is through the selection of the appropriate gear.
But when the car has driven at a certain speed, large torque is no longer needed. Now the car needs the power to make it run even faster.
So, that’s everything that we can share about the most reliable BMW engine with you for today. Hopefully, with this article, you can learn and understand your car even better.